SEAHORSES & PIPEFISHES - SYNGNATHIDAE
About 60 cm maximum length. Some very colorful. Usually limited to shallow water.
Feed on minute invertebrates sucked into a tubular snout.
Males have a brood pouch in which the eggs are laid and where they are fertilized and incubated. A revision of the seahorses is underway
A series of bony rings encloses elongate body. Dorsal fin single; soft rays usually 15-60. Very small anal fin. Anal rays usually 2-6. Pectoral fin rays usually 10-23. Adults of some species may lack dorsal, anal, and pectoral fins. Pelvic fins lacking. Some without caudal fin. Caudal peduncle may be prehensile. Very small gill openings. Branchiostegal rays 1-3. Basisphenoid and supracleithrum lacking. Kidney unpaired (right side) and lacking glomerulus.
Greek, syn = with, together + Greek, gnathos = jaw